Dermatitis: types of pathology and their treatment
Dermatitis: types of pathology and their treatment
мар 16, 2023

Dermatitis is called inflammation of the skin, which occurs due to the effect of any irritant on them. The disease has different causes of development and manifests itself in a variety of symptoms. It is usually accompanied by itching, dryness of the skin or a rash.

Blisters, crusts, wetness or peeling are formed less often. Pathological changes most often appear on the skin of the face, as well as on the hands or feet. Less often they occur in other parts of the body. Dermatitis does not belong to contagious diseases. Let's consider what kind of pathology it is, what kinds there are, and how it is treated.

Types of dermatitis

All inflammatory skin lesions are divided into two classes:

  1. Simple inflammation develops as a result of a reaction to stimuli that cause damage to the skin of each person. This group includes chemical compounds, plant poisons, and the like. Inflammation occurs when the skin is directly damaged.
  2. Allergic dermatitis develops when the skin is affected by an optional irritant. These substances do not damage tissues in all people. They become irritants in those who have individual sensitivity. These funds include: cosmetics, perfumes, household chemicals and more. When an irritant hits the epidermis, it interacts with proteins. This triggers a reaction of immune cells that infect the skin.

According to the nature of development, there are two types of dermatitis – toxidermy and contact variant. The contact pathway is realized when the active substance is directly exposed to the skin. Toxidermy is called a toxic-allergic form of dermatitis.

This variant occurs when the irritant penetrates through the gastrointestinal tract, respiratory tract, as well as through injections. After that, an allergic reaction develops on the skin. The lesion may appear immediately or after a while.

How dermatitis is treated

In the treatment of dermatitis, the effects of the irritant are first detected and eliminated. To relieve acute manifestations of the disease and alleviate the condition, the following drugs are applied topically:

  • anti-inflammatory,
  • decongestant,
  • moisturizing,
  • antiseptics,
  • antipruritic,
  • epithelizing.

In difficult situations, hormone-containing ointments are used. Inside, sorbents and antihistamines are prescribed to the patient for detoxification. Their reception increases the effectiveness of treatment. A hypoallergenic diet is also recommended for the patient.

A liquid aerosol dressing "Pentazol" can be applied to the places of skin damage to protect them. The product has an analgesic and cooling effect. Breathable waterproof film protects damaged skin from contamination, infection and mechanical damage.

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