Patch-type bandages: types, purpose and application
Patch-type bandages: types, purpose and application
сен 10, 2020

Any damage to the skin, whether it is a postoperative wound or an ordinary cut, must be protected from the penetration of pathogenic bacteria. The standard bandages and gauze cuts have been replaced today by modern bandages-plasters. They are not only conveniently attached to the skin, but also effectively protect the wound from infections, contributing to its speedy healing.

Among bandages of the patch type there are 2 main types:

With the help of plaster bandages, post-burn and postoperative wounds, trophic ulcers and bedsores, and other skin injuries requiring healing are quickly and seamlessly regenerated. The composition of the wound patch is quite simple: in the middle of the base of a non-woven fabric with an adhesive layer there is an absorbent pad. Thanks to innovative "breathable" materials, the epidermis under the bandage is regenerated quickly and efficiently. Changing bandages does not cause inconvenience — the hypoallergenic base is easily separated from the skin, leaving no traces and not sticking to the wound.

At the first stage of healing, when exudate is actively released from the wound, adsorbing dressings come to the rescue. With some types of wounds, it is often undesirable to change patches. In these cases, superadsorbent dressings are used. The sorption capacity of these dressings is such that for a long time the patch can hold a large amount of wound discharge without harming the affected surface. The gel filler contained in the pad effectively absorbs exudate, preventing its secondary contact with the wound and the possibility of infection.

As healing progresses, when the amount of discharge decreases, the newly formed tissues have a high risk of secondary traumatization. That is why, at the next stage of healing, it is important to maintain a moist environment under the bandage. Moisture is necessary so that the skin does not dry out, recovers without the formation of rough scars and is protected from external influences. Patch-type bactericidal bandages based on non-woven fabric or polyurethane film effectively cope with such tasks.

For postoperative wounds and for injuries that have caused deep damage to the skin, bandages are applied in hospitals or polyclinics. With small, low-traumatic wounds, bandages-plasters can be easily applied at home. To do this, it is enough to remove the product from the individual packaging, remove the protective film from the inside and gently apply it to the wound, combining it with a sorbing pad.

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