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Everyone has been burned at least once in their life: they took up a hot frying pan, burned on the beach, touched a dangerous plant or jellyfish, etc. As a rule, such domestic injuries are the result of carelessness, ignorance or inattention. You can cope with minor injuries yourself, but in some cases you cannot do without the help of a doctor. In this article, we will talk about what burns happen, how to understand whether you need to urgently contact doctors or it is enough to use a reliable remedy from a home first aid kit, as well as about proper treatment and skin care after a burn.
A burn is a skin injury that is formed due to contact with incandescent objects and liquids, hot steam, chemicals, electricity, as well as due to other reasons. Depending on whether the burn is superficial or deep, and what caused the injury, the scheme of competent first aid and subsequent treatment depends.
Therefore, you need to have an idea about the types of burns.
Taking into account the causes of occurrence , the following types of burns are distinguished:
Burns also differ in the location of damage:
The severity of the burn is directly related to the depth of the lesions. There are 4 degrees, and each of them is characterized by certain symptoms.
The burn affects the surface layers of the skin. The damage is accompanied by redness, slight swelling, severe or moderate pain, local fever. There may also be discomfort when moving. For example, if a hand or fingers are injured, the pain increases when trying to move them or when touching the burned area. First-degree burns with simple treatment pass without traces for 2-3 days in adults and 3-5 days in children.
Deeper layers of the skin suffer, blisters filled with fluid form. Inflammation occurs around them, when the bladder is removed, wet wounds of various sizes may appear in its place. Grade II injuries are accompanied by swelling and redness. With such a burn, a person experiences burning pain, for some time it can interfere with sleep and lead a habitual lifestyle. When healing, the blister shells fall off, and a crust forms on the wound site.
To provide first aid for thermal and sunburn of the 1st and 2nd degree, "EversLife – SP" should be used
Grade III A
The skin is damaged very deeply, a so—called scab is formed at the site of the burn - a dense gray-brown crust. The painful sensation before its formation is acute, as the damage affects the layers of skin with nerve endings. Sensitivity is reduced, regeneration is very slow, skin grafting is often required. The risk of developing burn disease increases.
Grade III B
Irreversible damage captures not only the skin, but also subcutaneous tissue.
For local treatment of grade 2 and 3a burns and temporary closure after surgical treatment of grade 3b burn wounds, use dressing hydrogel agent "EversLife-Gel".
Extremely severe burn with charring of the skin and underlying tissues, muscles and bones are damaged.
The degree of burn cannot be the only guideline for first aid and planning further actions. For example, with seemingly mild injuries of the first degree, with a large lesion area, a burn disease can develop, the treatment of which cannot be carried out independently. This condition is characterized by a violation of the activity of internal organs and all body systems. In case of severe and extensive burns, treatment and care should be carried out only under medical supervision.
Consider the rules of first aid for mild household burns.
Thermal burn of the first degree of a small area — a burn of a finger, hand, etc.
Thermal burn of the II degree
Skin burn with acetic essence
If the vinegar burn has affected the eyes, we call an ambulance; it is impossible to use "neutralizers" independently in that case.
Treatment of burns with iodine can be carried out at home, since the injuries most often relate to the first degree. But if there are signs of allergies or the damage has spread to a large area, you need to consult a doctor.
Mild electric shock (I degree)
Borscht burn 5
In the future, a burn with borscht may require treatment with special means and observation by an allergist.
Jellyfish Burn 6