Burns: treatment and treatment
Burns: treatment and treatment
мая 14, 2019

What to do with a burn?

Table of Contents:

  • Classification of burns
  • Severity
  • First aid for burns
  • What is not recommended to do with a burn?
  • Which doctor should I contact?
  • Treatment of burns
  • «EversLife-SP" and "EversLife Gel" for healing burns

Everyone has been burned at least once in their life: they took up a hot frying pan, burned on the beach, touched a dangerous plant or jellyfish, etc. As a rule, such domestic injuries are the result of carelessness, ignorance or inattention. You can cope with minor injuries yourself, but in some cases you cannot do without the help of a doctor. In this article, we will talk about what burns happen, how to understand whether you need to urgently contact doctors or it is enough to use a reliable remedy from a home first aid kit, as well as about proper treatment and skin care after a burn.

Classification of burns

A burn is a skin injury that is formed due to contact with incandescent objects and liquids, hot steam, chemicals, electricity, as well as due to other reasons. Depending on whether the burn is superficial or deep, and what caused the injury, the scheme of competent first aid and subsequent treatment depends.

Therefore, you need to have an idea about the types of burns.

Taking into account the causes of occurrence , the following types of burns are distinguished:

  • Thermal — a person receives them due to the action of high temperature. Such situations often occur in everyday conditions — for example, as a result of contact with fire, hot liquid, a hot object or steam. The damage caused by them can be both light and superficial, and very severe, threatening health and life.
  • Chemical — they appear due to various substances. At home, burns of this type are usually provoked by compounds containing acid or alkali. It can be "chemistry" for cleaning or maintenance.
  • car, laundry detergent or acetic acid used in cooking.
  • Electrical — occur when a current is applied to the skin, soft tissues and organs with improper handling of household appliances or if the equipment is "short-circuited", when touching wires or bare contacts. A slight burn of this type is accompanied by minor damage to the surface layer of the skin. But more serious cases can lead to extensive and deep injuries that affect internal organs and disrupt their work.
  • Radiation — most often occur due to prolonged and intense exposure to ultraviolet rays. For example, working in the country under the scorching sun or relaxing on a chaise longue during hours when the UV index is high can cause sunburn. However, such burns are usually superficial and relatively easy to treat. Another, much more dangerous source of radiation burn is radiation damage by ionizing radiation.
  • Combined — formed when exposed to several damaging factors.

Burns also differ in the location of damage:

  • on the skin;
  • on the mucous membrane;
  • in the respiratory tract;
  • on internal organs.


The severity of the burn is directly related to the depth of the lesions. There are 4 degrees, and each of them is characterized by certain symptoms.

Degree I

The burn affects the surface layers of the skin. The damage is accompanied by redness, slight swelling, severe or moderate pain, local fever. There may also be discomfort when moving. For example, if a hand or fingers are injured, the pain increases when trying to move them or when touching the burned area. First-degree burns with simple treatment pass without traces for 2-3 days in adults and 3-5 days in children.

Grade II

Deeper layers of the skin suffer, blisters filled with fluid form. Inflammation occurs around them, when the bladder is removed, wet wounds of various sizes may appear in its place. Grade II injuries are accompanied by swelling and redness. With such a burn, a person experiences burning pain, for some time it can interfere with sleep and lead a habitual lifestyle. When healing, the blister shells fall off, and a crust forms on the wound site.

To provide first aid for thermal and sunburn of the 1st and 2nd degree, "EversLife – SP" should be used

Grade III A

The skin is damaged very deeply, a so—called scab is formed at the site of the burn - a dense gray-brown crust. The painful sensation before its formation is acute, as the damage affects the layers of skin with nerve endings. Sensitivity is reduced, regeneration is very slow, skin grafting is often required. The risk of developing burn disease increases.

Grade III B

Irreversible damage captures not only the skin, but also subcutaneous tissue.

For local treatment of grade 2 and 3a burns and temporary closure after surgical treatment of grade 3b burn wounds, use dressing hydrogel agent "EversLife-Gel".

Degree IV

Extremely severe burn with charring of the skin and underlying tissues, muscles and bones are damaged.

The degree of burn cannot be the only guideline for first aid and planning further actions. For example, with seemingly mild injuries of the first degree, with a large lesion area, a burn disease can develop, the treatment of which cannot be carried out independently. This condition is characterized by a violation of the activity of internal organs and all body systems. In case of severe and extensive burns, treatment and care should be carried out only under medical supervision.

First aid for burns

Consider the rules of first aid for mild household burns.

Thermal burn of the first degree of a small area — a burn of a finger, hand, etc.

  1. Immediately stop exposure to high temperature;
  2. In case of a burn with boiling water, steam or a hot object, we wash the affected area of the skin with cool boiled water to reduce the pain;
  3. We apply a combined hydrogel agent "EversLife-SP" (disinfecting and wound healing).

Thermal burn of the II degree

  1. We stop the effect of high temperature;
  2. We apply a combined hydrogel agent "EversLife-SP" (disinfectant and wound healing);
  3. We apply a sterile bandage. It should be changed daily to exclude infection.

Skin burn with acetic essence

  1. We wash the wound with clean running water;
  2. Apply a soda solution, soap or ash to neutralize the action of the acetic essence. All of them are alkalis, an antidote for acid;
  3. We use a remedy with a healing and analgesic effect "EversLife-Gel" in an open way or under a sterile bandage.

If the vinegar burn has affected the eyes, we call an ambulance; it is impossible to use "neutralizers" independently in that case.

Iodine burn

  1. We wash the area of the skin on which the iodine got, with running cool water;
  2. We use toothpaste, crushed chalk, tooth powder, sugar or soap solution as a "neutralizer";
  3. If necessary, we apply a healing hydrogel agent.

Treatment of burns with iodine can be carried out at home, since the injuries most often relate to the first degree. But if there are signs of allergies or the damage has spread to a large area, you need to consult a doctor.

Mild electric shock (I degree)

  1. We stop the effect of electricity. The person providing assistance to the victim must be safe.
  2. We treat the skin with an antiseptic;
  3. Applying anti-burn hydrogel agent "EversLIfe-SP".
  4. Even if the burn caused a small trace on the skin, it is necessary to see a doctor. If the injury occurred due to high voltage current, and the resulting damage is extensive and deep, it is necessary to call emergency medical care.

Borscht burn 5

  1. We blot the place where the juice of the plant got on with a cloth, without smearing the juice on the skin;
  2. We close the affected area from the sun, if possible, we go indoors;
  3. We wash it with a solution with soap and soda;
  4. Treated with antiseptic;
  5. We apply an anti-burn wound healing hydrogel agent "EversLife-SP".

In the future, a burn with borscht may require treatment with special means and observation by an allergist.

Jellyfish Burn 6

  1. We immediately leave the sea water;
  2. If the jellyfish or its fragments remain on the body, we remove them from the skin, protecting our hands with gloves or at least a towel;
  3. We wash the burn site with an antiseptic; you can use alcohol-containing solutions or alcohol wipes Evers Life;
  4. If possible, we make a lotion with a cotton swab soaked in soda solution;
  5. If blisters appear, we apply a clean, damp bandage and go to a medical facility.

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