How to properly treat a wound and prevent its infection
How to properly treat a wound and prevent its infection
фев 06, 2020

Not only the presence of dressing material is at hand, but also knowledge about the correct dressing of the wound will help make the healing process qualitative and fast. Illiterate application of a bandage or poor-quality treatment of the damaged surface can threaten internal inflammation.

According to their type and size of tissue damage, injuries can be very different — from a small cut to a torn deep wound. Even the smallest scratch, in order to avoid infection, requires a careful approach to its treatment and the application of a dressing material.

The purpose of the dressing is to prevent bacteria and pathogenic microorganisms from entering the wound. Approaches to the treatment of wounds are being improved from year to year. Today, healing techniques are aimed at not only not interfering with the natural process of tissue regeneration, but also helping it to be realized as much as possible. For example, the long-standing statement that the wound should always be dry is no longer justified. Scientists have come to the conclusion that the moist environment created by the wound itself is necessary for high-quality epithelialization.

The healing time of the wound, depending on its size and depth, may vary in duration. The standard full regeneration cycle is about two months. At the first stage, immediately after injury, there is an active inflammatory process as the body's response to damage. There is redness on the skin, swelling, there is pronounced tissue soreness. The initial phase lasts several hours. Then comes the healing stage, in which new cells are actively produced, forming collagen fibers. After two days, the injured epithelium is completely replaced.

Scar formation begins a week after injury. Its appearance depends on how badly the tissue was damaged and how correctly the dressings were applied. The general approach to wound treatment after injury requires the following steps:

  • Stopping the bleeding. If you are convinced that the wound is small and low-risk, bleeding can be stopped by yourself by carefully pressing a piece of clean gauze to the wounded surface.
  • Primary processing. After stopping the bleeding, it is necessary to carefully free the damaged area from possible dirt and foreign elements, and then disinfect. Early disinfection is very important: almost immediately after damage, the surface is attacked by bacteria and microorganisms.
  • Applying a bandage. A dressing material is applied to the wound surface, the size of which should coincide with the size of the lesion. The dressing agent must be carefully secured with an external gauze bandage.

The correct application of the dressing material during the initial self-treatment of the wound will significantly accelerate the healing process.

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