Trophic ulcers: possible complications, treatment methods
Trophic ulcers: possible complications, treatment methods
окт 15, 2023

Trophic ulcer is a defect that forms on the skin or mucous membranes. It occurs when the rejection of already necrotic tissues occurs in this place. Such a pathological formation does not heal well, and also shows a tendency to relapse.

Most often trophic ulcers occur in people suffering from circulatory disorders, lymphatic drainage or innervation, which lead to a violation of tissue nutrition. Such formations require serious treatment and regular medical supervision. Early diagnosis and timely therapy become key factors to prevent their complications.

What is the danger of trophic ulcers

Such damages are dangerous, as they cause the following problems:

  • Infection. Trophic ulcers often become foci of infection. It spreads to neighboring tissues, causing purulent complications. Sometimes sepsis can even develop.
  • Acute pain. These wounds are very painful, which negatively affects the quality of life of the patient.
  • Difficulty walking. Defects on the legs make it much more difficult for the patient to move.
  • Lymphedema. With trophic ulcers, edema occurs due to a violation of the outflow of lymph.
  • Circulatory disorder. Damage leads to stagnation of blood, thrombosis and deterioration of blood supply to tissues.

In the absence of treatment, the threat of limb loss progresses. Untreated trophic ulcers lead to the destruction of tissues, including skin, muscles, tendons and bones. In such situations, amputation of a limb is required to save the patient's life.

How trophic ulcers are treated

Due to potential complications, these formations require proper treatment, including the elimination of manifestations of the underlying disease. Before starting the treatment of ulceration, it is necessary to clean the wound from necrotic and infected tissue, as well as remove impurities. Antiseptic solutions are used for this purpose.

It is often necessary to mechanically remove necrotic tissue to stimulate healing. To accelerate the epithelialization of trophic ulcers, special dressings are used to support and reduce pressure on the wound. This reduces the risk of additional damage, and also improves local blood circulation.

The doctor prescribes local therapy with antimicrobial agents to prevent or treat infections, accelerate healing and stimulate the growth of new tissue. Modern ready-made bandages from the "Chitocol" is also used to treat trophic ulcers. They contribute to the cleansing of the wound surface from damaged tissues, also actively absorb exudate. The bandage maintains normal moisture in the wound and destroys bacteria.

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